Interpretation of the Convention|Grave Risk - Art. 13(1)(b)|Human Rights - Art. 20
The application for return was dismissed. There was enough evidence to show that there was a grave risk of harm if to the children if they returned to Israel. The judge refused to order the return based on Article 13(1)(b) and Article 20.
The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal and upheld the decision of the High Court.
The court noted that, this case provides a clear example of the additional complications and potential obstacles which arise when parents disagree about whether their children should be permitted to travel between states which do not have reciprocal legal arrangements in force.